Who lives in the Faroe Islands? How many people live in the Faroe Islands? What language do they speak?
The Faroe Islands is a Nordic archipelago in the North Atlantic with a population of 52,500 and an area of 1,400 km2 (540 sq mi). Vikings first inhabited the untouched island group in the Viking Age.
As a visitor you will not have to worry about crowds. There are 18 volcanic basalt islands all inhabited except one. People live in 100 different quaint rural villages and small towns the larges being the capital Tórshavn (pop. 22,000) with plenty of brightly painted houses. The capital city is nestled in the middle of the archipelago on the larges island Streymoy.
The island Koltur as seen from Norðradalsskarð mountain pass. Koltur is inhabited by one person. Photo by Raul Gomez Fernandez known as @raulhudson1986 on Instagram.
There are 18 islands separated by narrow straits and both deep and shallow water. One island, Lítla Dímun, is unpopulated and one island, Koltur, is populated by only a single man!
People in the Faroe Islands have their own language. The Faroese language is a powerful bond that ties the Faroese people together.
Faroese disappeared as a written language in the 16th century due to foreign influence pushed forward by the Church. Nevertheless, the oral literary tradition survived and later in the mid-19th century, the written language was reconstructed on an etymological basis due to the nationalist movement.
New ideas and intellectual currents found fertile soil in the Faroe Islands during the radical transformation processes in the 19th century. The century saw a doubling of the population and in the late 19th century the people of the Faroe Islands experienced huge economic growth and development.
Emigration, which was typical for other Nordic countries in this period, did not take place in the Faroe Islands. Especially fisheries secured a great growth in the population. There were 15,000 people living in the Faroe Islands in year 1900 and the population had doubled again at the end of World War ll when there were 30,000 inhabitants in the Nordic archipelago.
The lake above the ocean formed by the craggy coastline and the freshwater lake Leitisvatn is a true natural wonder. Photo by Victoria Ostapova also know as @vialma on Instagram.
There was a boom in the economy in the 1980’s but everything collapsed in early 1990’s causing an emigration from the Faroe Islands not seen before. Unemployment reached 25% and every eight person left the country as a result of the crises caused by poor fishing and bankruptcy in the financial sector.
Many houses in the Faroe Islands are grass-roofed. Photo by Victoria Ostapova also know as @vialma on Instagram.
At the dawn of the 20th century the population increased again. This continued until the global financial crises in 2008 when the future looked uncertain again in the Faroe Islands. Once again people looked abroad for oppertunities and moved to other countries.
The decline in the population kicked off a huge debate about emigration and the future of the tidy population far away from mainland Europe. The debate was pushed forward in the book EXIT Føroyar (2012) meaning EXIT the Faroe Islands in which the future of the Faroe Islands was discussed.
Once again, things changed and from 2014 and onwards, the population in the Faroe Islands has increased and reached more than 50,000 people for the first time ever in 2017. This was celebrated in the Faroe Islands and was a milestone in the struggle for a sustainable population development for a sparsely populated archipelago.
Good fishing, an excellent salmon industry lead by the local company Bakkafrost as well as a growth in Faroe Islands tourism has influenced the positive development in the Faroe Islands in recent years and the record high population of 52,500 people.